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Editorial ERPA

The second issue of the European Review on Public Administration is now out; ERPA is one of the major tools to ensure the            EDITORIAL
visibility of our network, now present in 21 member states. In this second issue the reader will find a variety of topics and
columns covered in the first issue.                                                                                                  3

EUROPOL's director has agreed to give us an interview and hence to be the European 'protagonist' of the ERPA. Rob Wainwright
enlightens us on the organisation, operation and role of the European agency for combat against organised crime in today's
particularly sensitive context.

The Snapshots ... give an insight into topical events and key moments of the ongoing reforms in various European countries:
changes in administrative and territorial organisation in Sweden, Portugal and Hungary; modernisation of the public service
and management in Belgium and the Netherlands; social protection and mobility of public officials in the Baltic countries,
Slovenia; modernisation of public services in Romania, but also of European law perspective; strengthening the participation
of citizens in public decision-making in Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark and the involvement of national and local
parliaments in the observance of the principle of subsidiarity; development of public finances with the debates on the horizontal
equalization in member states and analysis of the link between public finances and the reform of the state. Bringing these
insights to the fore in general columns highlights the main events of public and administrative life in European states.

The feature articles of this issue relate to internal security in Europe, as a follow-up on the symposium held by the Europa
Association in 2008. Internal security is not always an easy concept to define, it is opposed to international security in the
broad terms. The former is based on maintaining law and order in a member state, by a number of forces dedicated to this
goal, and in order to ensure a life in society guaranteeing the exercise of fundamental rights and freedoms of citizens. But
often in times of international conflicts and difficult international relations, security measures rely on the reflex of fear which
makes citizens accept significant constraints in their daily lives. This topic unfolds in four major chapters, all of which present
new challenges that governments face in light of expectations of individuals. The threats appear to be relatively new (cybercrime,
fraud, sectarian businesses...) and therefore requiring specific answers, and sometimes they are unprecedented. Security, in
massive demand by citizens, however, faces another challenge - preserving rights and freedoms; furthermore there are many
examples showing that freedoms are sometimes sacrificed on the altar of security, despite the vigilance of the European
principles on the matter... In this context, police cooperation is a necessity, both at European and international levels, as well
as the sub-national level between national police and municipal police (the topic of local police services in Romania and
Hungary reflects the difficulties in this debate), but also between the traditional forces and the rise of private security service

The portrait of the journal is dedicated to Marius Profiroiu and his research team.
Have a very good ... European read!

Graham GARBUTT                                      Hélène PAULIAT
Vice-president of EUROPA,                  Professor of Public law -
Visiting Professor,
University of West England, Bristol               EUROPA President,
                                     President of Limoges University

                                     EUROPEAN REVIEW ON PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION - N°2 - MARCH 2016
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